By Robin Stevenson
Most of the sugar we eat is broken down into sugar glucose, which is the body’s main source of energy. Naturally occurring sugars are found in carbohydrate-rich foods such as bread, fruits, vegetables and milk. Because they also include vitamins and minerals, they are the best bets for sugar consumption — but that doesn’t mean you should overindulge. “Although the sugar found in the food groups listed above is natural, it isÂ still important to eat the recommended amounts as found in Canada’s Food Guide [45"“65 percent of daily calories from carbohydrates],” says Linda Gillis, a registered dietitian at the Children’s Exercise and Nutrition Centre at McMaster Children’s Hospital in Hamilton, Ont.
“The sugar that is added to foods is the sugar you want toÂ have less often,” explains Gillis. These include sugar in all its forms, such as brown sugar, corn syrup, evaporated cane juice, fructose, honey, glucose, malt syrup, fruit juice concentrate and others, so read product labels carefully. “Added sugar increases insulin in your body. Insulin causes an increase in appetite, so you may overeat,” says Gillis.
According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), people consuming 2,800 calories per day should only have 18 teaspoons of added sugars per day. That number drops to 12 teaspoons for a 2,200-calorie diet and 6 teaspoons for a 1,600-calorie diet. So what does that mean for your child? In order to meet energy requirements, Canada’s Food Guide’s estimates an active child engaged in typical daily activities (plus 60 minutes of moderate activity) should consume the following calorie amounts:
|School age (6″“9)||1,700″“2,000|
To calculate the amount of sugar in your favourite foods, divide the number of grams of sugars per serving as stated on the nutrition label by four for your total consumption in teaspoons. For example, Â¼ cup of a popular-brand pancake syrup has 32 g, or eight teaspoons, of sugar — almost a day’s worth of added sugar, according to the USDA guidelines.
GillisÂ recommends that you keep added sugars to fewer than 10 g per serving in foods such as granola bars and cereal. Treats with much more sugar — such asÂ pop, candy or chocolate — should be consumed only a couple of times per week or less.
Having three to four food groups at each meal, plus three snacks per day, will keep you feeling full and help you resist sugary snacks. Try to include a fruitÂ or veggie with each snack and include products high in fibre to slow down the sugars from getting into the bloodstream and increasing your appetite. Gillis suggests making it a fun challenge for your child: see how many days she can go without having a sweet drink.Â Or put stickers on a chart to keep track of the two treats he’s allowed per week. If he sticks to the limit, then give him a prize suchÂ as an extra visit to his favourite park.
Sugar-free A standard serving (decided by the manufacturer) contains less than 0.5 g of sugar or less than five calories.
Sugar-reduced The food has at least 25 percent and 5 g less sugar than the same standard serving of a similar product.
No added sugar The food contains no added sugars (such as honey, maple syrup, glucose, fructose, etc.).
Unsweetened The food contains no added sugars or sweeteners (such as aspartame).
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